The objective is to form breeders "classic" to know to apply the main tools and methods in the development of cultivars, developing new methods of breeding allogamous plants, understanding the genetics and plant breeding in conditions of abiotic stress, developing tropical maize germplasm with more efficient use of nitrogen.
Search on classical genetics applications (aided by molecular markers), aiming at the expansion of the genetic base and soybean germplasm improvement (Glycine max), especially in recurrent selection programs to increase grain yield; soy vegetable (vegetable soybean, edamame); genetic resistance to disease, pests and nematodes. Apply methods and soybean breeding techniques into other autogamous species. Train human resources on undergraduate levels, master's, doctoral and post-doctoral.
The lab works with important crops for the production of biofuels in Brazil and worldwide, especially sugarcane and sorghum. The research aims to address challenges that can not be solved only by traditional breeding, keeping in mind that the long-term goal is to help breeding programs.
The lab works with species of the genus Crotalaria, which has great economic importance for agricultural use and for industrial and pharmaceutical due to its rich secondary metabolism.
Are made research on phylogenetics, population genetics, genetic diversity, reproduction, speciation and other areas included in evolutionary biology, with the study material mainly wild tropical plants akin to crops, or these same. The main techniques used are DNA amplification and analysis of DNA sequences, optical microscopy, electron microscopy to image analysis, multivariate geometric morphometric and artificial crosses.
The laboratory develops its research in the face of the challenges of enabling professionals with solid training, and able to use molecular and biometric tools in plant breeding programs. In this multidisciplinary approach, soybean is adopted as a model species and several studies are carried out, such as value aggregation in germplasm, organic cultivation, resistance to stress, genetic mapping, gene expression, genomic selection, phenotyping with UAVs, and pest and pollinators population studies associated with this crop.
Molecular Genetics Group: Prof.. Dra. Maria Carolina Quecine Verdi. Group of Genomics: Dr. Claudia Barros Monteiro Vitorello
They are conducted interdisciplinary research with an emphasis on human adaptability especially in aspects related to the use of earth changes and territoriality, food / nutritional status, environmental perception, use of natural resources and local knowledge of the interaction human-environment and migration. From a theoretical point of view deepens the interfaces between the Human Ecology and other area as the Cultural Biology, the Media Ecology and Law. It also develops research addressing interfaces between genetics and Socio-Environmental Issues and Ethics.
The primary mission is to train students in research in Genetics and Genomics of Cultivated Plants. Lab graduates have obtained the certificates of graduate from 1995 and over the years have been allocated to public and private educational institutions and research in the country. We have generated a theoretical body of information about genetics and genomics of species of Passiflora; on genetic polymorphisms in bean plants, as well as conducting studies of genetic and chromosomal mapping of sugarcane.
The Orchidarium has the function to maintain a germplasm bank of orchids, aimed at their conservation, including rare species, and to provide material for academic studies on orchids. Included in the Orchidarium, Orchids Tissue Culture Laboratory has the function of the in vitro propagation of orchids, either by seed crop, either by meristem culture, to maintain the own collection of Orchid.
The laboratory operates in the areas of ecological genetics, evolutionary genetics of native and cultivated plants (origin and domestication), genetic structure of populations, phylogeography, germplasm characterization, by using studies involving phenotypic and molecular markers.
Develop multidisciplinary approaches for studying the effects of oxidative stress caused especially by heavy metals on the growth, development and metabolism of plants and plant cells and to investigate the metabolic pathway of aspartic acid mainly in cereals.
The laboratory is dedicated to the practice of the traditional method of poultry in rural areas, called "Happy Chicken" and "Pasto Chicken", different from how they create commercial chicken farm. The pasture creation system offers plenty of space for birds sunning, running, flapping, scratching. The system can be applied to small and medium-sized farms for differentiated production of meat and excellent quality eggs.
Quantitative Genetics Studies applied to plant breeding, including genetic basis of quantitative traits through averages and variances components, efficiency of breeding methods and the development and characterization of populations.
The laboratory develops methods to analyze genetic data. A number of issues are investigated, including the main crops and less studied species. Polyploid have been the main focus of research in the last few years.